You can do it the old fashioned way – sitting outside for hours on end, hoping someone drives up and offers you big money for your cast-offs. Or, you can sell them on the internet with Craigslist and Facebook. Those are great options – if you are smart about how you do business.
The FBI has some personal examples to share with you. Recently, a man who was defrauded over the internet, posted several items for sale – a bed, a barbeque and a few other things. Usually within the first 24 hours of a new posting he received at least one suspicious inquiry, either by email or text. In many cases, the buyer said he or she needed to have a mover or shipper pick up the item. The seller proposed sending him a larger-than-requested payment by cashier’s check or electronic transfer, with the requirement that the seller use those extra funds to pay the shipper when he arrives to pick up the item.
This is a version of an “overpayment scam.”
Let’s say you get that check and cash it. The shipper takes the item, and eventually the bank figures out the cashier’s check is bogus. The bank is going to come after you for the missing funds and could even pursue criminal charges.
Another trick is an “Electronic transfer” – they’re not necessarily safer.
In cases like this the fraudster proposes making a payment via PayPal or a funds transfer. The “buyer” would have likely ended up asking for personal information – including bank routing numbers – to push the payment through.
Here are some warning signs to watch for if you are trying to sell online this summer:
Look for out-of-area phone numbers. Many suspicious inquiries come from area codes nowhere near Oregon. It is possible for scammers to spoof phone numbers, of course, so make sure to proceed cautiously even when you receive an inquiry from what looks like a local or nearby phone number.
Look for bad spelling, stilted language, random capitalizations and chunks of text that are obviously cut-and-pasted from your post.
Be suspicious of those who try to justify why they can’t meet you in person. There have been cases in which a fraudster claims to be a cabin steward on a major cruise line which, the “buyer” said, required an electronic payment and a shipping service. Really? Why does someone who works on a cruise ship need a large barbeque?
Next week we will look at some other scams that pop up in virtual garage sales – complete with more tips on safe selling.
If you have been victimized by an online overpayment scam or any other cyber fraud, be sure to report it to the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center at www.ic3.gov or call your local FBI office.